There are several curtain styles suitable for an Arts and Crafts home. Curtains from the period ranged from cotton gauze and linen scrim to medium and heavy-weight fabrics, and were either: stamped, stenciled, embroidered or left clean and simple with perhaps a hand-drawn hemstitch for a touch of elegance. Below are descriptions of the different styles available:
Café Style Curtain - Generally, café curtains cover 1/2 to 2/3 of the window length. Light is permitted to enter at the top of the window and privacy is allotted at the bottom. Depending on the location and size of the window, a valance across the top creates a casual look, appropriate in a kitchen, inglenook, or laundry/porch area, and provides additional space for repeating a stencil pattern or embroidered motif.
Full-length Curtain/Sheer - Full-length curtains cover the entire length of the window. Separate panels can be made to allow the curtains to open in the center. Two separate rods, or brackets that hold two rods, can be used to hang an interior sheer curtain panel and an outer medium to heavy-weight curtain panel. This design creates a layered look and is a great alternative to lining a curtain.
Portieres - Create a grand entry into any room by framing a doorway or entry with portieres, adding beautiful color and texture to an otherwise empty space. Portieres are essentially a large blank canvas that a number of different designs can be worked on.
Once the curtain style has been selected, mounting options should be determined. Generally an inside mount works well for windows surrounded by decorative wood trim as the curtain would not cover architecture elements and would be framed by the trim. An outside mounted curtain would extend beyond the window frame and could provide additional sunlight protection and may also be used to make a smaller window appear larger. There is no preferred method of mounting, as with most decorating options, it is simply a matter of personnel choice and necessity. However, selecting whichever method to best suit your needs will determine the overall finished measurement of the curtain.
There are several hardware options available for outside mounted curtains. Numerous companies on the market today offer a wide variety of rod styles and finishes that complement period homes and furnishing. Brass hardware or gooseneck hardware is appropriate period hardware that is simple and works well on small and medium sized windows. Large windows may benefit from having appropriately scaled hardware in either ¾-inch to one-inch diameter metal rods. When selecting rod finials, it is best to keep simplicity in mind. Ball-shaped finials, or squares or arrow shapes work well in Arts and Crafts interiors.
There are two hardware options available for inside mounted curtains including brass hardware and spring/tension rods. Brass hardware and antiqued brass finish hardware is both period appropriate and beautiful. Curtains assembled with rings allow view of the metal rod and complement other metal elements in a room. Tension rods are appropriate for homeowners that prefer not to drill into wood frames, creating additional holes and jeopardizing period trim or newly refinished trim. Tension rods hold themselves in place by pushing against the window frame, and require no permanent brackets or screws to support them. Tension rods are easy to install and remove for window cleaning, and are inexpensive. However given the utilitarian finish on most tension rods (i.e., white metal or clear plastic) curtains should be constructed with a pocket (casement) in order to cover the rod. Tension rods can be used if there is at least ½ inch space between the window glass and the outer edge of the window molding.
Three-inch Double Hem, shown on unlined Irish Linen
Hemstitch Detail on Natural Linen Scrim
Detail of Casement top treatment
Inside mounted curtain constructed with a casement across the top and bottom. Curtain made in "Sheer Sonoma -Camel" at 4-times the window width.
Example of layered curtain with outside mount and ring clips. Natural linen scrim is 3 times window fullness, topped with a lined, heavy weight curtain.
Outside mounted curtains in "Irish Linen - Cream" at 2.5 times the window width, and 3-inch double hem. Curtains are hung with ring clips to achieve folds.
Top Treatment Options
The top of curtains can be finished in several ways. Top treatments can affect the way a curtain opens and the way it hangs from a rod. Below is a description of the top treatment options available on curtains.
Casement - A clean and simple way to hang a curtain. Generally a 1.5 to 2-inch casement or pocket is constructed for the curtain rod to slip through. The casement and side seams are top-stitched leaving a beautiful, clean edge; showcasing stitches and straight lines. Since the casement runs the entire width of the curtain, open curtains occupy more area than compared to curtains suspended from rings. Therefore, this top treatment option is best for curtains that are either construction of light weight fabric or for curtains that do not need to be opened on a daily basis.
Casement with Header - Constructed in the same manner as casement curtains, except additional fabric (generally about 1.5 inches) runs along the top; creating a ruffle or gathered look. The casement and side seams are top-stitched to create a beautiful, clean curtain.
Tabs and Ties - Loops of fabrics or ties are sewn at six-inch intervals along the top, creating texture and interest at the top of the curtain. This treatment allows for curtains to be easily opened and close, and allows for distinct draping effects (folds of fabric are allowed to project from the window), and curtains can be opened and gathered into a smaller space.
Back Tabs - Loops of fabric are sewn on the reverse side of the curtain across the top at six-inch intervals. Since the tabs are constructed on the back of the curtain, they are not visible from the front. Folds of fabric are permitted to project from the window, and fabric can stack into a small space when curtains are open.
Ring Clips - The top of the curtain is double-folded and sewn in place to support metal ring clips that span the width of the curtain at six-inch intervals. This top treatment allows for distinct draping effects (folds of fabric can project from the window), and open curtains can be gathered into a small space.
Hidden Rings - As the term implies, the rings are sewn along the top backside of the curtain. This top treatment also allows for curtains to be opened and gathered into a smaller area. Since the rings are sewn directly to the curtain there is limited space to permit the excessive folds that is achieved with ring clips.
Single Hem - Less fabric is required for this hem option, and hence a less bulky curtain. The selvage edge of the fabric is folded under about a half-inch and then the desired hem length is folded up and sewn in position. Generally the half-inch seam allowance is visible when light passes through the curtain.
Double Hem - Generally a double hem gives needed weight to the curtain allowing it to hang appropriately, and more importantly an opaque area of fabric is created; concealing seam allowances/cut edges.
Hem Lengths and Decorative Finishes
One, Two or Three Inch Hems - Depending on the length of the curtain, in general a one-inch hem works well for smaller curtains (18 to 24 inches in length) and three-inch hems work well for longer curtains (48 inches and up).. Half-inch increments of the above measures are also appropriate.
Hand-Drawn Hemstitch - A classic finishing option for linen scrim curtains. This decorative finish can also be applied to curtains made with semi-sheer linen.
French Knots - This stitch is worked across the width of the curtain catching the hem while creating color and texture. Great for smaller curtains and for repeating room colors.
How To Order Curtains
The following table lists labor costs for a standard sized window treatment and also includes costs for additional items that can be added to an order. Fabric costs for your window treatment is estimated separately. Use the table below as a checklist to estimate costs to construct your curtains. We do not require that this estimate be completed by you. Once you have determined your window measurements (see Window Measurement Form); top treatment and hem options; and selected a fabric, feel free to give us a call and we will provide an estimate for you. You can also mail or e-mail a copy (pdf format) of your completed Window Treatment Order Form and Window Measurement Form and we will call to confirm receipt of your order. If you have any questions, feel free to call or e-mail us and we will be delighted to assist you.
Curtain Pricing Guide
Single curtain panel up to 5 feet in length and width of selected fabric with casement (pocket) top treatment or header for rings and 2 ½ inch double-folded blind hem
$45 per panel
$52 per panels over 5 feet
Valance with a finished length up to 14 inches with casing top treatment or header for rings and 1-inch double-folded hem.
$36 per panel
Sewn into the top and side seams and allowed to drape just above finished length
$24 per panel
Curtain Panels & Valances over width of selected fabric
Additional sewing along seam, side seams and hem required
$12 per panel
Hand Drawn Hemstitch
Horizontal threads of the linen are removed by hand at the top of the hem and then the remaining vertical threads are grouped (wrapped) and attached to the hem by hand.
$45 per panel or $1/inch for panels less than 36 inches, or over 56 inches.
Sewn along the top of the header at 6-inch intervals
$1.50 per ring (this includes cost of 1-inch brass rings); or .50 cents per client provided ring
Constructed of fabric to match curtain and sewn to the header at 6-inch intervals
Hand stenciled and embroidered motif
Your selected motif can be worked within the center of the panel, across the length of the curtain; along the leading edge (opening); or top/bottom corners of the curtain
See our Curtain Motifs page (attached)
Descriptions of our fabrics are provided below. We do not require a fabric estimate from you.
Linen Scrim - A classic period look scrim provides minimal to low protection from sunlight. Curtains made of scrim can either include a simple hem, hand hemstitched, or be used as part of a layered look under heavier weight curtains. Available in Natural and Candlelight. 100% Belgium Linen; 60” wide
Sheer Sonoma – Great for semi-sheer curtains; this fabric provides additional protection and privacy as compared to linen scrim. It is also surprisingly strong; providing a surface that can support an embroidered motif. Offered in several colors, the use of Camel gives a beautiful warm copper glow to a room; and Natural softens sunlight and casts a cooler tone in a room, while Candlelight preserves the natural light in the room. 100% linen; 58 inches wide
Irish Linen – A medium weight fabric that is great for all applications including pillows, table scarves, and curtains. With an even-weave, this fabric provides a smooth foundation for both stencil designs and embroidered motifs. As an unlined curtain, the medium weight fabric allows just enough light in while still protecting interior furnishings. Available in-stock colors include: natural, ivory, cream and sage. 100% Linen imported from Ireland; 60” wide.
Aurora Flax - A medium weight linen that provides an excellent foundation for rendering detailed embroidery. This material has an exceptionally even-weave and color, and is soft yet durable. Excellent for use in several textile projects including: pillows, table linens and curtains. 100 % Linen; 56" wide.
Pasadena - Reminiscent of a period textile, this medium to heavy weight fabric is soft and smooth and provides ample texture for capturing that period look and feel. Embroiders and stencils beautifully for use in table linens, pillows, curtains, and bedspreads. 100% Linen; 60” wide
Devonshire Art Cloth – Devonshire Art Cloth is a medium to heavy-weight linen that is suitable for several applications including curtains, pillows, and table linens. An excellent foundation for stenciling, applying appliqué, or embroidery. 100% Linen; 58" wide.
Stonehenge:– Strong heavy-weight linen that holds up to appliqué, paint and embroidery. An exceptional fabric for table scarves, placemats, pillows and bedspreads, or for heavy curtains or room dividers. 100% Linen; 55" wide.
Craftsman Jute – A heavy-weight fabric that offers serious texture and interest. It embroiders beautifully with thick pearl cotton threads, and can also be stenciled. An exceptional fabric for table scarves, placemats, pillows and bedspreads, or for heavy curtains or room dividers. 100% Linen; 58" wide.
We use cotton lining that has been treated to resist stains (54-inch width; $8.oo per yard). Detailed photos for each of the fabrics can be viewed on our linen by the yard section. We can provide you with up to three fabric swatches of your choice at no charge. Just call or e-mail your request and shipping address. We also have a fabric swatch booklet and printed catalog filled with our designs and decorating tips for $10 (includes shipping), or a packet filled with larger swatches (approximately 4”x5”) is also available for $12 (includes shipping).
THIS PAGE IS CURRENTLY UNDER CONSTRUCTION. PLEASE CHECK BACK
Click on the following link to review the Curtain Order Form.
Rose Motif – Hand stenciled across the width of the curtain with red, yellow or pink roses and either evergreen or olive leaves.Available in two styles to accommodate several curtain lengths.
Spiderwort – Can be worked with either russet red flowers, with olive green leaves and gold flower centers; or white flowers with evergreen leaves and yellow flowers. Available stenciled with embroidery (including outlining all areas with stem stitch, with satin stitch flower tips, and French knot flower centers); or fully embroidered using the long & short, stem, and satin stitches and French knots.Available in two different styles.
Carrie’s Garden is available with either gold, cream or pink flowers with olive green leaves and brown stems. Available stenciled; stencil with embroidery (including outlining with stem stitch, and French knot flower heads); or full embroidery using stem, satin, and coral stitches and French knots.
Cattails & Dragonflies can be worked with either blue, gold or red dragonflies and is available stenciled; stenciled with embroidery (including outlining in stem stitch with fully embroidered dragonflies); or fully embroidered using stem, satin, long & short stitches and French knots.
Nell is available with either, russet red, orange or gold squares “blooms” and can be stenciled; stenciled with embroidery (outlining using the stem stitch); or fully embroidered (including satin, stem and French knots).
Gingko & Seedlings is available stenciled with deep green leaves and tan seedlings; stenciled and outlined in embroidery; or fully embroidered with appliquéd leaves and French knot filled seedlings.
Bat Motif is available stenciled with embroidery (including outlining in the stem stitch with satin stitch and French knot accents; or fully embroidered with a bat appliqué that is worked in couching and coral stitches, with satin stitch ivy and stem and chain stitch stems. Bats are a deep brown with deep olive green ivy and nutmeg stems.